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André Antoine Brugiroux è uno scrittore giramondo che ha visitato tutti i paesi e territori del mondo fra il 1955 e il 2005; l’ultimo è il Mustang. Dei suoi viaggi ha prodotto un film documentario e diverse pubblicazioni. La terre n'est qu'un seul pays (La terra è un solo paese), titolo del suo primo libro, racconta il suo primo lungo ed avventuroso viaggio durato 18 anni, durante i quali percorse 400.000 km in auto-stop con un dollaro al giorno attraverso 135 paesi.

Né le 11 novembre 1937 à Villeneuve-Saint-Georges (Val de Marne) d’un père casanier originaire d’une ferme en Auvergne et d’une mère parisienne qui avait le goût du voyage.

Mes premiers souvenirs de la vie sont ceux d’un monde en guerre. Ce qui explique peut-être ma vie sur la route, cette quête menée sur le terrain pour savoir si les hommes seront un jour capables d’établir la paix.

1953 - 1954 - 1955 : Ecole Hôtelière de Paris.
De 1955 à 1973 : le tour du monde.

Bien entendu je n’avais pas prévu de partir pendant 18 ans, je ne me pensais pas capable de réaliser un tel exploit non plus. Mais le rêve était puissant, la curiosité d’esprit insatiable. Pas de sponsor ni de renseignements à l'époque. Les guides du routard et les charters n'étaient pas encore nés. Le plus gros problème est qu'il n’y avait pas d’argent à la maison. Mon père, échoué en région parisienne comme simple ouvrier à la SNCF avait toutes les misères du monde à élever ses trois garçons. Tout s’est enchaîné malgré moi.

Parti en 1955 à l’âge de 17 ans avec un diplôme de l’école hôtelière et seulement 10 francs en poche, il m’a fallu travailler tout de suite. On ne voyage pas sans argent. J’ai d’abord pensé apprendre les langues étrangères afin de pouvoir communiquer avec les hommes. Dans ce but, pendant sept ans j’ai travaillé dans différents pays d’Europe et j’ai appris ainsi sur place l’anglais, l’espagnol, l’allemand et l’italien. J’ai fait un tas de métiers pour survivre comme téléphoniste, cuisinier, serveur, croque-mort, réceptionniste et même cireur de chaussure en Italie!

Entre l’Espagne et l’Allemagne, j’ai passé deux ans au Congo en 1958 et 1959 pour le service militaire. Sans service, à l’époque, pas de passeport. Et sans passeport, pas de voyage ! Mais j’ai ainsi pu découvrir un nouveau continent et rencontrer le docteur Schweitzer à Lambaréné au Gabon.

Ces premières neuf années de débrouille se sont avérées être des années d’apprentissage fort précieuses pour la suite. Je voulais ensuite apprendre le russe mais il était impossible de travailler en Union Soviétique.

 
volgograd

C’est au Canada que j’ai finalement pu préparer le budget de mon périple de 1965 à 1967 comme traducteur à Toronto.

En 1967, à l’âge de 30 ans, ce qui n’est pas l’âge habituel des stoppeurs, j’ai tout abandonné pour réaliser mon rêve de toujours : parcourir le monde. De 1967 à 1973, j’ai sorti mon pouce sur toutes les routes de la terre pendant six ans ininterrompus, ce qui m’a fait parcourir 400.000 km en stop à travers 135 pays avec un dollar par jour. Ce dollar s’explique pour trois raisons :

_ 1) je n’ai pas payé le transport. J’ai même dû faire de l’avion-stop, du bateau-stop, du voilier-stop et du ferry-stop pour traverser les mers gratuitement.

_ 2) je n’ai jamais dormi à l’hôtel sauf une nuit, forcé par l’agence touristique d’état, l’Intourist, à Moscou.

_ 3) tout l’argent passait dans la nourriture et les visas. Mais cette moyenne était si minime que je ne pouvais pas manger dans les restaurants. Je me contentais des carrioles en bord de route ou des stands sur les marchés. Si ce dollar, à l’époque, m’achetait trois repas en Inde, il ne me payait qu’un petit déjeuner en Alaska. J’ai connu « clopinettes » et ramadan !

Ce style de voyage plutôt spartiate me gardait en contact constant avec la population, ce que je cherchais. Contrairement à ce que l’on peut penser ce dollar n’était pas pour mendier mais pour me permettre de garder mon indépendance.

Les aventures et les anecdotes sont sans fins. Je les relate aujourd’hui grâce à une ciné-conférence (j’avais dans mon sac à dos une caméra d’amateur et au lieu de prendre des photos comme tout un chacun, j’ai filmé) et quatre livres que j’ai rédigés à mon retour. Je ne suis pas parti pour écrire des livres ni monter un film mais la providence a eu la sagesse de me faire prendre des images et Laffont m’a demandé d’écrire mon histoire au retour. Comme j’ai un beau message à partager, j’ai pensé que c’était une excellente façon de le faire (voir rubrique bibliographie).

Je me suis retrouvé par exemple, sept fois en prison. Soupçonné d’être révolutionnaire ou guérillero en Amérique du sud, espion dans les pays arabes et en Iran, pirate de l’air en Colombie... Je demandais parfois moi-même à dormir en prison mais dans ce dernier cas, je sortais le lendemain. J’ai été déporté deux fois : c’est gratuit ! Je me suis retrouvé avec une baïonnette entre les deux yeux en Afghanistan, un revolver dans le dos en Jordanie, dix mitraillettes dans les côtes au Venezuela, aplati dans une école au Cambodge à 150 mètres d'une attaque des Khmers rouges... Chargé par un troupeau de buffles au Congo, attaqué par des hyènes en Inde... Pas de gourde, je buvais l’eau locale. Au Pakistan est arrivé ce qui devait arriver : une dysenterie m’a fait perdre douze kilos d’un coup, j’étais tombé à 52 kilos pour 1m77. Je pouvais faire le tour de ma taille avec mes doigts ! Certains parlent de chance, de baraka ou de bonne étoile. Je cherche encore le mot qui s’applique à mon aventure et m’a permis de retrouver les rives de la douce France.

Ce tour des hommes m’a conduit à aller vivre chez les hippies à San Francisco en leur temps, chez les bonzes à Bangkok, dans les écoles de yoga en Inde, chez les coupeurs de têtes à Bornéo, chez les trafiquants de pierres précieuses à Sri Lanka et à travailler dans un kibboutz en Israël, entre autre. De ces multiples expériences, j’en ai tiré la conclusion qui fait le titre de mon premier ouvrage ainsi que de mon film : « La terre n’est qu’un seul pays », idée qu’énonçait déjà au XIXe siècle un Persan du nom de Baha’u’llah.

J’ai vu de mes propres yeux le monde malade et dangereux que l’on connaît. Malgré tout, je reste confiant et je reviens persuadé que la paix est non seulement possible, elle est inéluctable.

Voilà la riche expérience d’une vie que j’ai envie de partager.

http://andre.brugiroux.free.fr/biographie.htm

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Francese

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Giro del mondo

Mezzo di trasporto: Diversi

Riferimenti complementari: La terre n’est qu’un seul pays, 1975, collezione “Vécu” Robert Laffont. Ristampato nel 2007 da Géorama éditions.

ID: w2841

Internet: http://andre.brugiroux.free.fr

Wikidata: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q517419

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Negli anni Dieci del Novecento partì per un giro del mondo di 10'000 km. Ad accompagnarlo, un barile di 300 kg.

 

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: Le Tour du Monde. 10 000 kilomètres en roulant un tonneau du poids total de 300 kilogrammes par BARUET "Le Déménageur", ex-champion de lutte à l'exposition de 1889, auteur et recordman de la voiture à bras : 1 200 kilos.

Nazionalità: Francese

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Giro del mondo

Mezzo di trasporto: A piedi con botte

Riferimenti complementari: -

ID: w1682

Internet: -

Wikidata: -

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Il 15 ottobre 1923 i tre membri del Bombay Weightlifting Club Adi B. Hakim, Jal P. Bapasola e Rustom B. Bhumgara si lanciarono nel giro del mondo in bicicletta. Il percorso di 44'000 miglia fu coperto in tre anni e tre mesi e venne descritto dai tre avventurieri in un libro che ancora oggi è fruibile in una versione pubblicata da poco: "The world on a bicycle".

Around the world bicycle trip memoirs to be released after 80 yrs

Vadodara, April 18 One of the three men was a Barodian; almost 80 years after it was first published, his son will release a new edition of the book today

Just in their twenties and living off a shoestring budget, three young Parsis, one from Baroda, ventured on the first ever trip around the world on bicycles on October 15, 1923. The trio covered 44,000 miles in three years and three months across 27 countries and four continents. On their return, Adi Hakim from Vadodara, Jal Bapasola from Mumbai and Rustom Bhumgara from Pune, who later became a freedom fighter, wrote a book of their memoirs from the epic journey, of which but a few copies still exist. The original book includes a foreword by Jawarharlal Nehru and comments from leaders around the world like Benito Mussolini and Calvin Coolidge.”

Now, after five years of labour and commitment, Hakim’s son Daryous will release a new edition of the book in Vadodara on Saturday, almost 80 years after it was first published.

Says Daryous, who is fondly called Dara: “The original line-up of cyclists was six, but only three completed the tour, with three others returning to India for various reasons. In their book, the trio believed they wanted to take India to the world, even as they were caught up in the fervour of the freedom movement.” He says the three were left with not much money and did odd jobs while travelling, for meeting their expenses for food, clothing and shelter. They decided on the trip after meeting at the Mumbai Weightlifting Club, he says.

Dara and his wife Roda began their own quest to re-publish the epic memoir in 2003. “Talking to my six brothers in the early nineties, I realised that all of them did not even have a copy of the book and neither did many of the grandchildren,” says Dara.

But as Roda says, not everybody seemed interested in the book till finally Delhi-based Roli Books agreed to publlish the book.

“Even then it took five years for the release of the new edition. It was a famous book when it was released sometime around 1928. But now we have no idea how many even exist. We believe this is a tale that people should know about,” says Roda.

“When the publisher agreed, it took a huge load off our minds, but it was more contentment than anything else. Strangely, My father-in-law and his friends returned from their trip on April 18, 1928,” says Roda.

She adds that they even managed to get in touch with the families of Jal Bapsola and Rustom Bhumgara mostly through the Internet and Parsi magazines. “They seemed even more excited about the release as even they had but few copies of the book,” Roda says.

Dara says it was the spirit of adventure in the book that inspired him to join the Indian Navy in 1951. “It is written in a very witty style full of awe of an unseen world. After reading it in my teens I was enthused to join the Navy, where I served for 10 years,” says Dara, who left the services to pursue a career in management. The book will be released at the Godrej Hall, Parsi Dharamsala in Fatehgunj.

https://parsikhabar.net/history/around-the-world-bicycle-trip-memoirs-to-be-released-after-80-yrs/964/

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: Noble cycle & motor Co. - This Royal bassett (?) bicycle was used by the world tourists in their tour round the world. The machine has done 40.000 miles

Nazionalità: Indiana

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Giro del mondo

Mezzo di trasporto: Bicicletta, monociclo, triciclo

Riferimenti complementari: Hakim A. B., Bapasola J. P., Bhumgara R. B., With cyclists around the world, Roli books, 2008

ID: w1676

Internet: -

Wikidata: -

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Harry Bensley si lanciò nel viaggio attorno mondo portando una maschera di ferro per scommessa. Conosciuto con il nome “The Man in the Iron Mask” o come “The Masked Walker” aveva quale obbiettivo i 100’000 dollari messi in palio dalla scommessa tra John Pierpoint Morgan e Hugh Cecil Lowther Lonsdale. Partì da Trafalgar Square il 1.o gennaio 1908. Le attestazioni successive sono rare, tanto da lasciare il dubbio sull’effettiva realizzazione del progetto.

 

Pseudonimo: The Man in the Iron Mask; The Masked Walker

Iscrizioni: The man with the iron mask walking round the world for a $21'000 wager

Nazionalità: Inglese

Nascita-morte: 1876-1956

Riferimento geografico: Giro del mondo

Mezzo di trasporto: A piedi con carrozzina

Riferimenti complementari: -

ID: w1705

Internet: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/making_history/making_history_20071218.shtml

Wikidata: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q5667285

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Stefano Bolliger e Angelina Perrin sono partiti partiti nel 2007 in bicicletta da Lugano alla volta dell’India.

Giro del mondo in bici: partiti!
Angelina e Stefano hanno iniziato il loro viaggio in bicicletta, che li vedrà percorrere la Via della Seta.
Sono partiti. Sono montati in sella alla loro bicicletta e hanno iniziato il loro percorso che li porterà a visitare diversi paesi, fino ad arrivare in India.

Angelina Perrin e Stefano Bolliger sono partiti poco fa da Pazzallo, per questo singolare e suggestivo viaggio in bicicletta.

In un anno, come già vi abbiamo spiegato ieri, la coppia di giovani attraverserà l'Italia, la Grecia, la Turchia, la Siria, la Giordania, l'Egitto, l'Uzbekistan, l'Iran, la Cina, il Pakistan, fino ad arrivare in India.

Vi ricordiamo che il loro viaggio sarà monitorabile da metà settembre sul sito Internet http://sionroulait.blogs.marieclaire.fr.

http://www.tio.ch/News/Ticino/341712/Giro-del-mondo-in-bici-partiti/


Ils s'en vont pour 14 mois... à bicyclette !

Une jeune vendéenne et son compagnon sont partis hier de Suisse pour rejoindre l'Inde... à vélo. Objectif  : la défense de ce mode de transport propre.
Quatorze mois de vélo, de Suisse jusqu'en Inde ! C'est le projet un peu fou de la Vendéenne Angélina Perrin et de son compagnon Stéphane Bolliger. Dimanche, c'était le jour du grand départ : « Ça nous trottait dans la tête depuis plus de deux ans, raconte Angélina. Au début, c'était un simple rêve. Puis un jour, on s'est mis à y réfléchir plus précisément. On a regardé des cartes, imaginé l'itinéraire. C'est là qu'on s'est dit qu'il fallait vraiment qu'on le fasse. »

Le moteur de l'aventure · Promouvoir l'usage du vélo comme mode de transport alternatif et écologique, autant au quotidien qu'en vacances. « Le vélo fait partie de notre vie de tous les jours. Moi, j'habite désormais Paris, explique la Vendéenne. Je fais 26 km de vélo chaque jour, pour aller et revenir du travail. Sur un deux-roues, tout est plus pratique, on se sent libre. On profite mieux de la ville et on se sent en meilleure forme physique. Et puis c'est gratuit. »

Cette aventure, Angélina et Stéphane y ont déjà un peu goûté. Voilà des années que ces baroudeurs louent des deux-roues lors de leurs voyages à l'étranger. Au Maroc, à Bali, au Mexique... « C'était fabuleux ! On ne nous regardait pas comme des touristes sortant d'un bus ou d'un gros 4*4. Alors, on nous accueillait à bras ouverts. C'était fort de rencontres. »

L'été dernier, ils ont fait un galop d'essai : 600 km de Lugano, en Suisse, jusqu'à Venise : « Voyager ainsi change tout : on échappe aux voitures, on contemple des paysages fabuleux. Et quand on arrive à destination, on est contents, on l'a vraiment méritée cette destination de rêve ! Notre état d'esprit de vacanciers s'en trouve complètement bouleversé. »

« Pas des masochistes »

Angélina Perrin n'a pas hésité à vendre son appartement et prendre un congé sans solde pour que le rêve de son couple prenne corps. Tente de camping, réchaud et filtre à eau dans leur besace, ils prennent la route ce matin. Départ de Lugano, en Suisse, pour l'Italie puis la Grèce via un ferry. Puis viendront les Cyclades, la Turquie, la Syrie, la Jordanie... Jusqu'en Iran et la Route de la Soie. Cap vers l'Inde.

« Ce n'est pas un voyage de masochiste que nous entreprenons ! Nous ne sommes pas des têtes brûlées qui souhaitent braver tous les dangers. Non, nous voulons simplement montrer que si nous parvenons à le faire, c'est qu'il est possible pour beaucoup de monter sur un deux-roues. Au moins au quotidien. Et pourquoi pas faire Nantes-Bordeaux à vélo pour les vacances ? Stéphane et moi, on a convaincu des amis. Ils l'ont fait. Ils sont conquis ! »

http://www.larochesuryon.maville.com/actu/actudet_-ils-s-en-vont-pour-14-mois...-a-bicyclette-_15-432077_actu.Htm

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Svizzera

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Asia, Europa

Mezzo di trasporto: Bicicletta, monociclo, triciclo

Riferimenti complementari: Bolliger S., Perrin A., Sulla Via della Seta, La Città, luglio 2008

ID: w1723

Internet: -

Wikidata: -

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In occasione dell'esposizione mondiale World's Fair del 1939, Leland Abbott partì da The Pas, Manitoba, Canada, per raggiungere con la slitta New York. Vi giunse nell'aprile del 1939 dopo un viaggio di 3'800 miglia.

An intriguing tale of contrasting worlds

A Fort Garry couple are hot on the trail of two Manitoba dog mushers who travelled from the Arctic to New York City in 1938-39. Anne and Graham Gieg have been gathering clues since last May about the odyssey of Graham's great uncle, Leland Abbott, and his friend Hector Despins, and plan to write a book about the off-beat adventure. "It's the family legend," says Gieg, who recalls a visit to his great-uncle's house when he was 10 years old. "The house was full of incredible keepsakes from all the places he'd travelled." Unfortunately, much of that material has been lost. "It's been a bit of a detective story," he says. The Giegs have been gathering material from newspapers, family members and the Hudson's Bay Company archives, and by soliciting memories from people who met the mushers during their trip. The story is an intriguing tale of contrasting worlds, says Gieg, containing within it the wilderness of the North and the metropolis of New York City, the solitude of the trapper's life and life in the media spotlight. It's also the story of one last civilian adventure before the attention of the world -- and the energies of the two adventurers -- became focused on the Second World War. Abbott and Despins were trapping muskrats and guiding mineral prospectors around a settlement called Tavane, in what is now Nunavut, when they read a six-month-old magazine article about people travelling to the New York World's Fair by unusual means. As muskrat pelts weren't fetching much of a price at the time, they decided in the fall of 1938 to mush to the fair at Flushing Meadows, N.Y. The trip was full of unexpected twists and turns. They ran out of snow around Dauphin, and a farmer helped them to create a wheeled sled. Unfortunately, the powerful sled dogs were no match for the home-made contraption and it fell apart soon after. From Winnipeg on, the mushers travelled on a more durable wheeled sled made from a car chassis, following a convoluted route that took them to Chicago via Iowa. Chicago turned out to be a rough town, even with Al Capone in jail, and the duo nearly rolled into a bank robbery and shootout. That's not the only aspect of the story that seems made for Hollywood. Abbott actually met his wife-to-be during a stop in Pennsylvania. Arriving in New York in April, 1939, in time for the opening of the World's Fair, Despins and Abbott and their dogs became celebrities. "The lead dog is supposed to have been the first dog on television," says Gieg, explaining that RCA first unveiled the brand-new technology at the New York fair. "This was 20 years before Lassie." They visited hospitals, participated in a travelling show, and attended openings of a James Cagney movie called Torrid Zone and, more appropriately perhaps, a Sgt. Preston movie. They also met boxing champion Joe Louis, according to legend, taking the dog team to the boxer's training camp in New Jersey. Eventually they returned to Canada to enlist in the Armed Forces. Despins was declared medically unfit because of an earlier injury, says Gieg, but he ended up driving bulldozers during the construction of the Alaska Highway in 1942-43. Abbott joined the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1941 and became a bomber pilot. After the war, Despins became a mining engineer and was involved in developing Thompson's nickel mining industry. Abbott "fell in love with the ocean," says Gieg, and eventually opened a fish business on the coast called Eskimo Abbott's Frozen Fish. Fascinating as the journey was, the Giegs have discovered that it was by no means unique. A string of Canadian adventurers undertook long dog sled trips in the 1930s, including William Campbell, who mushed from The Pas to Chicago for the 1933 World's Fair, and King Taylor, who mushed from The Pas to Halifax and back. The Giegs expect to spend another year digging up details of the journey, and hope to wrap up their investigation by following the dog sledders' path -- in a more conventional vehicle. Anyone with information about the adventure can call the Giegs at 832-2606.

Winnipeg Free Press print edition 27.03.2002

 

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: Sled Dog - Artic to New York - Leland Abbott - en route to New York (USA) 25/11/38

Nazionalità: Americana

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: America del Nord

Mezzo di trasporto: Slitta

Riferimenti complementari: -

ID: w392

Internet: -

Wikidata: -

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Le signore Fay e June Shea, accompagnate da Kittle Bebertz, percorsero a piedi le 700 miglia che separano Portland, Oregon, a San Francisco. Lo scopo era di raggiungere la Panama-Pacific International Exposition che si tenne nel 1915 nella città californiana.

 

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Americana

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Stati Uniti

Mezzo di trasporto: A piedi

Riferimenti complementari: -

ID: w1695

Internet: -

Wikidata: -

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Lotan Baba è un santone indiano che promuove la pace viaggiando in una maniera singolare: rotolando. Ha percorso circa 30'000 km tra le città indiane, percorrendo in media 10-12 km al giorno. Detiene il record per il tratto più lungo percorso rotolando (9'846 miglia, 15'846 km).

'Rolling' saint blocked at Pak border

An Indian holy man trying to promote peace by rolling on the ground all the way from India to Pakistan has been barred from crossing the border because he has no passport, officials said on Monday.

Mohan Das, best known as Lotan Baba or Rolling Saint, began his 2,500-kilometer (1,560-mile) journey on January 28 shortly after the leaders of South Asia's nuclear-armed rivals initiated talks aimed at ending five decades of hostility.

But his bruising expedition hit a major roadblock over the weekend as he approached Wagah, the main land border checkpoint between the two countries. Indian border officials stopped him because he didn't have a passport, said Kultar Singh, Amritsar's police chief.

"I had applied for a passport long ago. But the government never responded," Das said on Saturday. "I spent about 10 days chasing the officials. Nothing happened," he said. Photos of Das rolling just a stone's throw from Pakistan were published in Lahore newspapers on Monday, and Pakistani officials at Wagah said they saw the holy man close to the iron gate that separates the two countries.

"He never came to our side," Capt. Mohammed Fahim said. He would not say whether they would allow the saint in if he rolls over to Pakistan.

Das is well known for his rolling exploits and claims to have covered 30,000 kilometers (18,750 miles) to various cities in India, including Kashmir. He reportedly travels about 10 to 12 kilometers (six to eight miles) a day rolling on the ground, sometimes smoking a cigarette while in motion.

According to media reports, Baba, 55, began his life as a mystic after leaving home at age 12, and once undertook penance for 12 years by standing in one place and eating grass. "He is a brave man," said Das' aide, Bhubaneswar. Das is camping now at a village near Wagah and plans to wait a few more days to see if the border officials will change their minds. Otherwise, he says he will return to where he set off from - his hometown, Ratlam, in Madhya Pradesh.

Das' attempted peace mission to Pakistan comes days ahead of a crucial meeting this week between the leaders of the two nations in New York on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly session. Pakistan and Indian have so far agreed to restore travel links and diplomatic ties, but the peace talks could still come unstuck on the thorny issue of Kashmir, over which Pakistan and India have fought two wars.

https://web.archive.org/web/20050409145356/http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/7242_1016205,00180007.htm

Pseudonimo: Lotan Baba

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Indiana

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Asia

Mezzo di trasporto: A piedi

Riferimenti complementari: -

ID: w2294

Internet: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotan_Baba

Wikidata: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q6684616

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Aldo Arrighi e Carla Figini hanno percorso le coste europee partendo da Como, destinazione Capo Nord, per un totale di 24'000 km percorsi.

 

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Italiana

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Europa

Mezzo di trasporto: Bicicletta, monociclo, triciclo

Riferimenti complementari: Arrighi A., Figini C., A Capo Nord, Portogruaro: Ediciclo, 2004

ID: w1659

Internet: -

Wikidata: -

 

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George Burston fu tra i temerari precursori amanti del velocipede. Prima dell'introduzione della camera d'aria, fissò il primato sulle 100 miglia (161 km) su strada in 8 ore e 9 minuti. Il 1 novembre 1889 iniziò il giro del mondo in compagnia di Harry R. Stokes: furono i primi australiani a lanciarsi nell'impresa. Con i loro velocipedi (penny-farthing machines) partirono da Melbourne, direzione Sydney. Il loro percorso toccò Java, Singapore, l'India, l'Egitto, l'Europa. Rientrarono in Australia passando dagli Stati Uniti, dove però non utilizzarono i loro mezzi. Descrissero il loro viaggio nel libro "Round the World on Bicycles".

Bicycle - H. Bassett & Co, Melbourne, George Burston, 1888

High wheel bicycle of the 'ordinary' or 'spider' type with a 1.422m (56-inch) wheel. This 'Victory' model was assembled in Melbourne from imported components by Henry Bassett & Co. of 4 Elizabeth Street, Melbourne in 1888-89. The frame was nickel-plated. This bicycle was used by Melbourne Bicycle Club member (later President) George Burston on a round-the-world' bicycle journey in 1889-90. Along with his companion H.R. Stokes, Burston left Melbourne on 1 November 1889 and rode to Sydney. The by steamship to Brisbane-Batavia. They rode around Java and then went by ship to Singapore and Calcutta. After riding in India they travelled by ship to Egypt and rode in Palestine and Syria. This was followed by another sea voyage to Turkey, Sicily and Naples. After riding through Italy, Switzerland, Germany and Holland they boarded a ship to Britain and rode extensively in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. They returned to Australia via the United States but did not ride there. The journey was recorded in their limited edition book "Round the World on Bicycles' (George Robertson, 1890).
Physical Description

Bicycle painted black with large front wheel and small rear wheel. Both wheels have hard rubber tyres. The pedals are fixed directly to the axle of the front wheel. On top of the large wheel are low metal handlebars with wooden handles and a leather seat. The leather seat sits on a 'cradle spring' mounted on a frame formed from a length of steel tubing. Under the seat is a metal plate (not visible) with the inscription 'MBC' (Melbourne Bicycle Club). Attached to the handlebars is a lever to operate a 'spoon brake' pushing a scalloped piece of iron down onto the front wheel. The bike weighs 21 kg.

https://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/items/408343

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Australiana

Nascita-morte: 1859-1924

Riferimento geografico: Giro del mondo

Mezzo di trasporto: Velocipede

Riferimenti complementari: Booth Anne L., Riding high: Burston & Stokes centenary ride, 1888-1988, Bicycle Victoria, 1988 Burston G. W., Stokes H. R., Round the world on bicycles, Melbourne, George Robertson and Company, 1890

ID: w1755

Internet: https://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/items/408343

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Charley Boorman e Ewan McGregor sono i simpatici protagonisti di una doppia serie televisiva trasmessa nel Regno Unito da Sky.

La prima serie, realizzata nel 2004, è intitolata Long Way Round e narra le peripezie dei due motociclisti e della loro troupe lungo il tragitto Londra - New York. Nella seconda serie, intitolata Long Way Down, i due amici si ritrovano per un viaggio che li porta dal punto più a nord della Scozia fino a Capo Agulhas, in Sud Africa.

Da allora, Boorman ha prodotto numerose altre serie dedicate ai viaggi.

 

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Scozzese

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Africa, America del Nord, Asia, Europa, Russia,

Mezzo di trasporto: Motocicletta, motorino

Riferimenti complementari: McGregor, Ewan, Charley Boorman, and Robert Uhlig. Long Way Round: Chasing Shadows Across the World. New York: Atria Books, 2004.

ID: w1726

Internet: www.longwayround.com 

Wikidata: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q724867

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Spedizione francese composta da Thierry Montaner e Killian Blais iniziata il 7 maggio 2008 con lo scopo di percorrere il giro del mondo a piedi.

Two Frenchmen quit the rat race for a life-changing global trek
Around the world in six interesting years.

If you happen to see two backpack-toting white men doing some serious walking, chances are they are the globe-trotting French guys who have been walking for the past six years in a journey of a lifetime through many countries that has now brought them to Malaysia.

Killian Blais, 30, and Thierry Montaner, 37, were complete strangers who first set out on this adventure not knowing what to expect – except for their shared idea of a world walk. They are not the first people to embark on such an epic journey. But to walk – and stick together over the past six years through thick and thin – is quite a sensational feat in itself.

It’s been 16 countries and counting, through a host of cities and countless streets since they took off from the town of Valence, France, in mid-2008. Among countries they have set foot in are Italy, Croatia, Serbia, Greece, Turkey, Azerbaijan, China, Vietnam, and Thailand.

They had originally embarked as a team of eight – six men and two women – reveals Blais in an e-mail interview.

“None of us knew each other prior to the trip; we had met online through forums and social networking. The idea (to do this walk) eventually brewed among our group, and it took us about a year to plan for the trip,” he recalls.

Romance on the road

“We determined the best route and itinerary based on factors like visas, security, climate conditions and everyone’s interests. In the few months leading up to the trip, we organised a test trek in the French Alps during winter, as the tough surroundings would enable us to learn more about each other and see who was really motivated to do the trip,” says Blais. (At the time of writing, they had passed Teluk Intan, Perak.)

He reveals that love found its way into the team, as the two women quickly formed romantic bonds with two other men. Four months into the walk, the two couples eventually headed off in their own direction via hitchhiking.

Around the same time, another guy headed back home as planned, which left them with a party of three. After the first year of travelling, another fellow decided to continue alone and is currently living in South America – that makes Blais and Montaner the two remaining members today.

“The experience from these six years of walking has been invaluable! Walking was a way for us to slow down our daily pace, in an age and society where we are always competing either to be the fastest or the first,” shares Blais.

“It feels like we are always running out of time, and that time is taking and leading us in a way that we are living an autopilot mode, forbidding us to think and gain control of ourselves again. Philosophical this may be, but walking has helped us see the world in a genuine experience like no other and enabled us to inspect the world and reflect upon it.

“The memories we have built are things we will always treasure, though of course, there are other aspects that we miss during our time away like our family and friends, French food, and women,” he adds in jest.

Back home, he works as a computer programmer while Montaner is a theatre technician. The long working hours and time spent inside public transportation (over 10 hours a week) began to take a toll on him, eroding the purpose and meaning of how life should be lived.

“Little by little, it became clear that there were differences with what we expected of ourselves and the expectations demanded by society. I told myself that I had enough of all the consumerism that engulfs us and it’s time to take stock of my life and lend more meaning to it,” continues Blais.

“In fact, we are both not the outdoorsy sportsmen type but rather sedentary. Thierry was weighing 100kg prior to this trip, but we reckoned that like anything else, it’s a matter of adapting.”

When asked about the challenges they had faced through the six long years, there are plenty of tales. Crossing the High Tibetan Plateau in Western China was an indelible moment, says Blais, as they continuously walked for 28 days without coming across any village.

“During this vast landscape crossing, we saw more wildlife than I ever did in my entire life. Then, when we finally encountered people, they hosted us for one night, shared their meals with us, and kindly gave us advice on how we should proceed with our route, or what to look out for.

“And of course, walking without any other transportation is a challenge in itself. But it wasn’t for the sake of making or breaking a record. The upside is that it can be flattering for the ego when you have people following you, supporting you, and being featured on television too.

“In Kazakhstan, we actually stayed in Almaty for four months trying to get our Chinese visas – it was the longest stay in the same place! So, where before we would walk an average of 20km a day and 500km a month, we had to intensify our walking distance double-fold to about 40km per day in order to complete China before our visas expired. This we did every single day, for two months,” he reminisces.

RM8.40 a day

And what about the “unimaginable” fact that they are surviving on a budget of just two euros (RM8.40) a day? Blais lightly brushes off the seeming impossibility, stating that they would always choose cheap street food for meals. And there were always tents or other kinds of free accomodation.

“Since we could not plan for years of accommodation and expenses, there were big improvisations and adaptations made along the way. But having been in a country after a while, it became pretty easy to know what the odds are (of finding) good places you could put up at.”

Blais reveals however that they have overshot the original timeline that had been set for the entire trip, which was five years. They have only reached Malaysia after six years, and still have the islands of Indonesia, plus Australia and America to complete their world tour.

Essentially, it drives home the point that things don’t always go quite according to plan, or that you can’t really plan for what’s in store over the next few years.

“Just several months into the trip, our original schedule was already blown away. I guess it was a case of allowing ourselves to take the time to live according to our instincts, where you naturally tend to slow down and enjoy the places you are in.

“That’s how we ended up settling down for several weeks or sometimes months in some places. After this, we will have to take boats to Indonesia, Australia and America which will considerably accelerate the travel time, so we are estimating that it will take three more years for us to come full circle to where we started i.e. France,” says Blais.

He hopes to be able to inspire people to do what they have done.

“We learnt later on during the trip that a lot of Americans have done this, but with the help of sponsors and big logistics teams behind them. And we realise that we have done way too much preparation in advance, like visas for countries that we were to cross only a few years later.

“However, immigration laws change very quickly, so by the time we reached a particular border, we had to recheck all the information anyway. These accumulated experiences only serve to shape us into wiser persons. It’s life-changing,” says Blais.

www.thestar.com.my

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Francese

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Giro del mondo

Mezzo di trasporto: A piedi

Riferimenti complementari: -

ID: w1718

Internet: www.toutenmarchant.com

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Negli anni Trenta del Novecento Fred Birchmore intraprese il giro del mondo in bicicletta, percorrendo circa 25'000 miglia. Le vicende legate al suo viaggio sono narrate nel libro "Around the world on a bicycle". Fred chiamò la sua bicicletta "Bucephalus", bucefalo, riprendendo il nome del cavallo di Alessandro Magno. Nel 1939 percorse la strada tra Atene e New York (12'000 miglia) con la bicicletta "Pegasus". I due mezzi sono entrati a far parte della collezione del Smithsonian Institute.

Fred Birchmore’s Amazing Bicycle Trip Around the World. The American cyclist crossed paths with Sonja Henje and Adolf Hitler as he transversed the globe on Bucephalus, his trusty bike

Fred Birchmore of Athens, Georgia, belongs to an exclusive club: he’s a round-the-world cyclist. The club’s charter member, Thomas Stevens, pedaled his high-wheeler some 15,000 miles across North America, Europe and Asia between 1884 and 1887. Mark Beaumont of Scotland set the current world record in 2007-08, covering almost 18,300 miles in 194 days and 17 hours.

Birchmore finished his epic two-year, 25,000-mile crossing of Eurasia 75 years ago this October. (North America came later.) And unlike the American Frank Lenz, who became famous after he disappeared in Turkey while trying to top Stevens’ feat in 1894, Birchmore lived to tell of his journey. He will turn 100 on November 29.

Birchmore got his first look at Europe from a bicycle seat in the summer of 1935, shortly after he earned a law degree from the University of Georgia. He was on his way to the University of Cologne to study international law when he stopped in central Germany and bought a bicycle: a one-speed, 42-pound Reinhardt. (It is in the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History.) He named it Bucephalus, after Alexander the Great’s horse. Before his classes started, he toured northern Europe with a German friend and Italy, France and Britain by himself.

“I had some wonderful experiences that had nothing to do with the bicycle,” Birchmore recalled in a recent interview at Happy Hollow, his Athens home, which he shares with his wife of 72 years, Willa Deane Birchmore. He cited his climb up the Matterhorn, his swim in the Blue Grotto off Capri, and his brush with the Norwegian Olympic skater and future Hollywood actress Sonja Henie. “I just happened to ice skate on the same lake where she practiced,” he said. “Well, I never had skated. I figured, ‘I’m going to break my neck.’ She came over and gave me a few pointers. Beautiful girl.”

Back in Cologne, he attended a student rally—and came face to face with Adolf Hitler. Working up the crowd, Hitler demanded to know if any Americans were present; Birchmore’s friends pushed him forward. “He nearly hit me in the eye with his ‘Heil, Hitler,’ ” the cyclist recalled. “I thought, ‘Why you little.…’ He was wild-eyed, made himself believe he was a gift from the gods.” But Birchmore kept his cool. “I looked over and there were about 25 or 30 brown-shirted guys with bayonets stuck on the end of their rifles. He gave a little speech and tried to convert me then and there.” The Führer failed.

Although he enjoyed a comfortable life as the guest of a prominent local family, Birchmore was increasingly disturbed by Nazi Germany. From his bicycle, he saw firsthand the signs of a growing militarism. “I was constantly passing soldiers, tanks, giant air fleets and artillery,” he wrote in his memoir, Around the World on a Bicycle.

In February 1936, after completing his first semester, Birchmore cycled through Yugoslavia and Greece and sailed to Cairo. After he reached Suez that March, disaster struck: while he slept on a beach, thieves made off with his cash and passport. Birchmore had to sell off some of his few possessions to pay for a third-class train ticket back to Cairo. On board, he marveled at how “great reservoirs of kindness lay hidden even in the hearts of the poorest,” he wrote. “When word passed around that I was not really one of those brain-cracked millionaires, ‘roughing it’ for the novelty, but broke like them, I was immediately showered with sincere sympathies and offers of material gifts.”


Six weeks passed before he received a new passport. He had already missed the start of the new semester. Having little incentive to return to Cologne, he decided to keep going east as far as his bike would take him. He set off for Damascus and then on to Baghdad, crossing the scorching Syrian desert in six days.

By the time he reached Tehran, he was in a bad way. An American missionary, William Miller, was shocked to find the young cyclist at the mission’s hospital, a gigantic boil on his leg. “He had lived on chocolate and had eaten no proper food so as not to make his load too heavy,” Miller marveled in his memoir, My Persian Pilgrimage. “I brought him to my house. What luxury it was to him to be able to sleep in a bed again! And when we gave him some spinach for dinner he said it was the most delicious food he had ever tasted. To the children of the mission, Fred was a great hero.”

In Afghanistan Birchmore traversed 500 rugged miles, from Herat to Bamian to Kabul, on a course largely of his own charting. Once he had to track down a village blacksmith to repair a broken pedal. “Occasionally, he passed caravans of city merchants, guarded front and rear by armed soldiers,” National Geographic would report. “Signs of automobile tire treads in the sands mystified him, until he observed that many of the shoes were soled with pieces of old rubber tires.”

While traveling along the Grand Trunk Road in India, Birchmore was struck by the number of 100-year-olds he encountered. “No wonder Indians who escape cholera and tuberculosis live so long,” he wrote. “They eat sparingly only twice a day and average fifteen hours of sleep.” (He added: “Americans eat too much, sleep too little, work too hard, and travel too fast to live to a ripe old age.”)

Birchmore’s travails culminated that summer in the dense jungles of Southeast Asia, where he tangled with tigers and cobras and came away with a hide from each species. But a mosquito got the better of him: after collapsing in the jungle, he awoke to find himself abed with a malarial fever in a Catholic missionary hospital in the village of Moglin, Burma.

After riding through Thailand and Vietnam, Birchman boarded on a rice boat to Manila with Bucephalus in tow. In early September, he set sail for San Pedro, California, aboard the SS Hanover. He expected to cycle the 3,000 miles back home to Athens, but he found his anxious parents on the dock to greet him. He and Bucephalus returned to Georgia in the family station wagon.

Nevertheless, Birchmore looked back on his trip with supreme satisfaction, feeling enriched by his exposure to so many people and lands. “Surely one can love his own country without becoming hopelessly lost in an all-consuming flame of narrow-minded nationalism,” he wrote.

Still restless, Birchmore had a hard time concentrating on legal matters. In 1939, he took a 12,000-mile bicycle tour around North America with a pal. He married Willa Deane later that year, and they honeymooned aboard a tandem bike, covering 4,500 miles in Latin America. After serving as a Navy gunner in World War II, he opened a real estate agency. He and Willa Deane raised four children, and he immersed himself in community affairs.

After he retired, in 1973, he embarked on a 4,000-mile bicycle ride through Europe with Danny, the youngest of his children. Two years later, they hiked the 2,000 miles of the Appalachian Trail. While in his 70s, he hand-built a massive stone wall around Happy Hollow. He cycled into his 90s, and he still rides a stationary bike at the local Y. A few years ago, he told a journalist, “For me, the great purposes in life are to have as many adventures as possible, to brighten the lives of as many as possible, and to leave this old world a little bit better place.”

www.smithsonianmag.com

Pseudonimo: -

Iscrizioni: -

Nazionalità: Americana

Nascita-morte: -

Riferimento geografico: Giro del mondo

Mezzo di trasporto: Bicicletta, monociclo, triciclo

Riferimenti complementari: Birchmore F. A., Around the world on a bicycle, Cucumber Island Storytellers, 1996

ID: w1713

Internet: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/fred-birchmores-amazing-bicycle-trip-around-the-world-1462409/

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